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Ancient Measurement
Abstract Ancient Measurement published Sept 30 2020 Archway Publishing ISBN 978-1-4808-9534 (sc) Archway Publishing ISBN 978-1-4808-9536 (hc) Author Mr. Roland A Boucher When the French proposed their first metric system in 1670, they had no idea it had been invented by the ancient Mesopotamians 5000 years earlier. Just as the French proposed to use the length of a one-second pendulum to create standards of length, volume and weight, the Sumerians create nearly identical meters, liters and kilograms. Our research shows that the Sumerians also used both the Moon and the Sun as their clock. It appears that the Egyptians improved on the timing accuracy by using the Stars. Later the Minoans introduced the use of the planet Venus as a clock. Proof that these Ancient Standards of length were pendulum-derived is not always as easy as comparing a pendulum-derived length to an Ancient standard of length. In some cases the only standards that remain today are those of volume or weight. Fortunately ancient standards of volume were derived directly from the cube of a linear dimension. Standards of weight in turn were derived from the weight of a standard volume of water at room temperature. In some cultures standards of weight existed for a variety of grains as well, however a standard using water was always established. We also found that the Sumerians in Lagash would create a system of measure based on the Polar circumference of the Earth 5000 years before the French. These concepts spread throughout the Ancient world from Britain in the West to China and Japan in the East. Later Queen Elizabeth 1 would insure that a portion of two of these standards would make it to the USA. I speak of the Lunar Standard of Lagash whose foot became the Anglo Saxon foot and Furlong. 1/660 furlong then became the British Imperial (US) foot. And the third Geodetic Standard of Lagash whose length may have been used to design the great pyramid at Giza, and whose pound became the British Imperial (US) pound. If you don’t believe this, prove it to yourself. Calculate the size of a 64 pound cube of water and multiply the length of one edge by 1000 x 360 x 360. The results will be the polar circumference of the Earth.. In Conclusion We have established the method by which nine Ancient Systems of Measure were determined and which can be precisely reproduced today. This study also revealed a number of discoveries which were quite unexpected. RolandABoucher, Author 11 Deer Spring Irvine California 92604 Tel 949 508 8338
Boucher proposes a clever theory about ancient units of measurement and then tests that theory against historical data and artifacts. After noting that a major Sumerian unit of measurement is the same as what was initially proposed as the meter in the seventeenth century, Boucher, an engineer, posits that all ancient measurements are based on the length of a pendulum swinging at a certain rate. His analysis focuses on five different pendulum-based units of measurement and then derives from them alternative ways to measure time (from the passage of the sun, the moon, and a star, respectively), as well as latitude details, producing nine slightly dissimilar unit measurements, such as the geodetic foot from ancient Sumeria and the royal cubit from ancient Egypt.

Boucher’s observations and equations are impressive and meticulously recorded in his extensive tables of data, illustrations of astronomical phenomena, his own constructed pendulum apparatus, and illustrations of ancient measurement standards. Boucher works to derive units of length through the pendulum, but most of the surviving units are volume and weight (thankfully, these are derived from the units of length). Some readers may wish for deeper exploration of historical literature: though Boucher does cite a limited number of texts, credible assurance that his measurement standards are authoritative would bolster his argument, as would documentary evidence of the use of pendulums in measurement.

Despite the technical nature of this work, Boucher takes care to define terms clearly and walk readers through the basics of determining length from a pendulum. He also clearly illustrates how this history began with the ancient Sumerians but continues to impact us even today, through the imperial system of measurement. Ancient Measurement expertly traces how past engineers would have been able to use celestial observation and the pendulum to create accurate and reproducible units of measurement, foundational elements of commerce and civilization.

Takeaway: The engineering-minded historian will find this theory of ancient measurements illuminating and well analyzed.

Great for fans of: David Rooney’s About Time: A History of Civilization in Twelve Clocks, Simon Winchester’s The Perfectionists.

Production grades
Cover: B+
Design and typography: B
Illustrations: A-
Editing: A-
Marketing copy: A-

Yale to feature Ancient Measurement

Ancient Measurement a book by Roland Boucher will be featured by the YaleScience and Engineering Association in this years "FALL INTO BOOKS SERIES" Zoom Presentation on October 14 at 7pm east coast time