Cherokee Descendants West Volume III (N-Z): An Index to the Guion Miller Applications
Jeff Bowen, author
Between May 1905 and April 1907, the U.S. Supreme Court authorized the Secretary of the Interior to identify the descendants of Eastern Cherokees entitled to participate in the distribution of more than $1 million in outstanding claims against the U.S. government based upon the Treaties of 1835-36 and 1845. On May 28, 1909, Commissioner Guion Miller, representing the Interior Department, submitted to Congress his findings with respect to 45,857 separate applications for compensation (totaling about 90,000 individual Native American claimants). Miller qualified about 30,000 persons inhabiting approximately thirty-nine states and three countries to share in the fund. Ninety percent of the eligible were living west of the Mississippi River. The volume at hand is a verbatim transcription of the concluding and largest portion of the index found in National Archives Record Group 123. (Volume I in this series refers to the Cherokee applicants living east of the Mississippi River in 1909, about 3,200 applicants or 10% of the total named in the index.) The lion's share of the Guion Miller application index refers to Native Americans who were living west of the Mississippi in 1909. For each head of household named in the application, we are given the following additional information: Guion Miller roll number, city and state of residence, and the names of other householders with their ages and relationship to the head. A history of the Guion Miller Commission and several sample applications precede the index of applicants, while an addendum and comprehensive name index conclude the work.